As a veterinarian, I see more and more elderly patients. On one hand, this is wonderful to see our loved fur-babies living long healthy lives but unfortunately, I also see more arthritis and mobility issues that impact upon the quality of life for these pups and their owners. We have no cure for these ailments, all we can try to do is help slow progression of these degenerative diseases and to ease any pain felt by our canine companions, though as you have probably heard throughout your life – “prevention is better than cure” which is why there are so many supplements available for both ourselves and our fur-babies. One well-respected company is Nutramax which makes a range of products for dogs and cats, including Cosequin for dogs.
Table Of Contents
(120 soft chews)
(250 chewable tablets)
(110 capsules/chewable tablets)
Some Key Features:
Not new to the market, Cosequin has been around for more than two decades4 but research regarding joint health is continuing to this day and will continue, improving our understanding of joint repair mechanisms.
Through research, Nutramax has developed proprietary formulations of glucosamine hydrochloride and sodium chondroitin sulfate to support and maintain canine joint health. Earlier studies showed that these ingredients aid in maintenance of the joint’s cartilage matrix while preventing its destruction5.
Cartilage is the cushioned surface within joints that is very resistant to destruction when accompanied by the lubricating joint fluid and strong bones underneath. One problem is that cartilage doesn’t have it’s own blood supply and relies on the bone and joint fluid to provide nutrition.
If damage occurs in any component of a joint, enzymes are released that start to break down areas of the joint, and if left unchecked serious damage can occur which leads to pain and arthritis. While research is continuing to reveal more factors related to cartilage breakdown, Cosequin has been shown to help maintain a healthy turnover of cartilage4.
Glucosamine acts as one of the building blocks for a healthy cartilage scaffold by providing this essential nutrient to support cartilage cell function.
TRH122TM* Chondroitin Sulfate
Similar to ourselves, our fur-babies can suffer from joint pain, either due to trauma, old age degenerative changes or some congenital diseases such as hip or elbow dysplasia.
Some breeds such as German Shepherds, Labradors or Spaniels are prone to certain joint diseases such as cruciate disease, osteoarthritis or inflammation of growth plates.
Joint supplements may be invaluable for some of these dogs and you might consider starting your pup on a supplement before any clinical signs of discomfort are evident.
Veterinarians have advocated for the use of joint supportive compounds such as glucosamine and chondroitin which have been shown to have positive effects on dogs with osteoarthritis1.
Not all supplements, however, are created equal so you may wish to undertake some research into any products you may consider.
This review article aims to help provide you some more information about one of the well-known brands on the market, Cosequin2. Glucosamine and chondroitin are both involved in building cartilage and may prevent a further breakdown during osteoarthritis.
Glucosamine may also have anti-inflammatory action while supporting production of synovial fluid which provides lubrication within the joints.
Deciding when to start your pup on any supplementation can be a difficult decision; it’s important to remember that these are not treatments but may help support your pet’s joint health.
You may want to start your fur-baby on such a supplement before any signs of pain are evident, particularly if their breed is one at an increased risk such as many large and giant dog breeds.
If, however, you’re beginning to notice some of the signs listed below or your pooch has been diagnosed with a hip or joint mobility disorder they may still benefit from the support provided by these supplements.
1. McCarthy, G., J. O’Donovan, B. Jones, H. McAllister, M. Seed and C. Mooney (2007). Randomised double-blind, positive-controlled trial to assess the efficacy of glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate for the treatment of dogs with osteoarthritis. The Veterinary Journal 174 (1) pp54-61
2. Buyue, Y. and J.P. Sheehan (2009). Fucosylated chondroitin sulfate inhibits plasma thrombin generation via targeting of the factor Ixa heparin-binding exosite. Blood 114 (14) pp3092-3100
3. Das Jr., A. And T.A. Hammad (2000). Efficacy of a combination of FCHG49TM glucosamine hydrochloride, TRH122TM low molecular weight sodium chondroitin sulfate and manganese ascorbate* in the management of knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 8(5) pp343-350