If your dog suffers with their anal glands then expression by your veterinarian may be required occasionally. Depending on the specific situation, your dog may be in some pain after having their glands expressed. This is mainly in cases where the pooch is suffering with impaction, abscess or sacculitis (inflammation of the sac itself) and these conditions are painful even before being expressed.
I always tell my clients what to expect after expressing their fur-baby’s anal glands. Most dog’s experience mild discomfort afterward (my finger has just been in their butt, squeezing out the goo) for up to 24 hours but it shouldn’t affect their mood or lifestyle. dog’s with an infected or impacted anal gland are often prescribed anti-inflammatories/pain relief and/or antibiotics (if infected). If your dog is acting like they’re in pain after an uncomplicated expression or if you are unable to distract them from licking or chewing the area then you may need to contact your veterinarian for some advice.
Does your dog really feel pain?
Our canine companions can certainly feel pain and as a pawrent you know when your pooch is feeling a bit under the weather. dogs have pain receptors just like humans throughout their bodies, it’s an evolutionary tactic to help them avoid situations that may kill them.
Signs of pain include:
- Licking the painful area.
- Crying when trying to poop
Common anal gland expression side effects and what to do about them
If your dog has had their anal glands expressed by your veterinarian then you may notice they continue to scoot their bum or lick at their tail and bum area for about 24 hours afterward.
This is completely normal as there will be some residual irritation after manual expression.
You shouldn’t need to do anything as this will pass though you can distract them by playing games or practicing some tricks to help take their mind off their bum.
Signs that your dog may be in pain after having their anal glands expressed include yelping and suddenly turning to chew at their tail or bum area or crying when trying to poop. If your dog does this then you should contact your veterinarian for advice. If your fur-baby tolerates it you can apply compresses to their bum to help ease inflammation.
Post anal gland expression care
After expression, your dog shouldn’t need any special care unless they had impacted anal glands or an infection that requires medications. Your veterinarian may recommend dietary changes if your dog has tummy issues, these may include adding fiber such as pumpkin or rice to your dog’s diet or avoiding certain proteins if they have sensitivities.
Can happen, but really rare
Complications following anal gland expression are exceptionally rare if performed properly. Manual expression by your veterinarian will involve placing the tip of their finger inside your dog’s rectum using lots of lubricant and gentle compression. This method completely empties the sac and reduces the risk of impaction.
If your furbaby has impacted or abscessed anal glands then they may rupture when expression is attempted which is painful and unpleasant for your dog. If your veterinarian suspects this might happen they may advise performing the procedure under sedation or anesthesia to reduce this risk and allow prompt treatment and cleansing of the area should the worst occur.
If you notice blood on your dog’s feces after anal gland expression or they are painful or unable to poop then you should make an appointment with your DVM.
How often would I need to express my dog’s anal glands?
Over-expression of your dog’s anal glands can actually increase the risk of irritation to the gland while external expression (the method used by groomers) can actually increase the risk of impacted contents as they’re not completely emptied by this method. If your dog is happy and not showing any indications of anal gland discomfort then it’s best to leave the area alone.
If your fur-baby does need repeated anal glands expression then the frequency will depend on their individual needs and you should monitor them for signs of discomfort.
Your DMV may recommend that your dog be checked every 4-8 weeks after an anal gland issue (impaction, infection, etc) to prevent a recurrence.
Some signs that your dog may need their anal glands expressed include:
- Licking and chewing at the base of their tail or around their bum
- Scooting their bum along the ground
- Unusual smell from their bum (can range from fishy to very stinky)
- Discharge from their bum
- Pain when sitting/not wanting to sit down
- Pain when pooping or not wanting to poop
- Redness or swelling over in the bum area
How to help your dog express their own anal glands?
If your dog needs their anal glands expressed then it’s best to make an appointment with your veterinarian to ensure they are completely emptied and there are no health concerns (infection, impaction etc) and to minimize the risk of complications for your pooch.
Ensuring that your pooch receives enough fiber and is eating a balanced diet to make sure that they have healthy, firm poops is the best way to help them express their anal glands naturally.
If you would like to learn how to express your pooch’s sacs at home, ask your veterinarian for a demonstration and explanation to ensure that you’re performing the procedure safely and effectively.
Things you can do to help your dog express their own Anal Glands:
- Make sure your dog receives enough fiber
- Maintain your dog on a suitable diet if they have any food sensitivities or allergies (your veterinarian will help you make a diet plan to suit your lifestyle and your dog’s needs)
- Avoid sudden/drastic changes in diet
- Weight loss if your pooch is a little portly as obesity weakens your pooch’s gluteal muscles and can make self-expression of the anal sacs difficult
Recommended Products For Dog’s Anal Glands
There are lots of products on the market targeted toward dogs with anal glands issues. I’ve included two that I have found helped my patients
The Final Woof
Trips to the vet can be stressful for both pooches and their pawrents without having the added worry if your dog is suffering after having their glands expressed. While mild discomfort is to be expected after your pup has their anal sacs emptied, your dog shouldn’t be in pain unless they have an infection or severe inflammation of the glands. If your dog is expected to experience some pain, your veterinarian will prescribe some anti-inflammatory pain medications to help your fur-baby.
After having their anal glands expressed, many pooches will scoot their bum along the ground (or your pale rug) or lick their bum area for up to 24 hours afterward and this is normal and nothing to be concerned about. Crying, yelping, struggling to go to the toilet or prolonged behaviors mentioned above may be of concern and you should always ask your veterinarian what to look out for after your dog has their anal glands expressed.